Due to these problems and limitations, Richard Townley Paton established the first eye bank in 1944 under the title 'Eye - Bank for Sight Restoration' in New York. In general, this was the first tissue bank of any kind.
In our country, Iran, Cheshm Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran was established officially in 1367 with the focus of Mr. Dr. Seyed Hamid Sajjadi, Dr. Mohammad Ali Javadi, Dr. Hadi Manafi, Dr. Seyed Mohammadreza Kalantar Motamed and Dr. Seyed Alireza Marandi with the aim of conducting the necessary research and training. In order to expand the transplantation of cornea, sclera and corneal stem cells, the preparation and preservation of eye tissues from the dead bodies of donors for the purpose of transplanting, as well as informing people about the high human and therapeutic values of transplantation and encouraging them to donate their corneas after death. Was formed.
In the early years of corneal transplantation in the world, the few eyes evacuated from living patients with lesions or untreatable injuries of the posterior part of the eye or patients who died in public hospitals were the only sources of corneal supply. The removed tissue was time sensitive and had to be transplanted immediately. Therefore, every corneal transplant was considered an emergency operation, and patients requiring transplants had to remain on standby for unplanned surgery. Unfortunately, in some parts of the world, there are still areas where the supply of cornea is very limited and they rely on the same local sources of tissue supply.
Introducing eye bank
Eye Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran as a non-profit institution in 1367 under registration number 3597 with the aim of conducting necessary research and training in order to expand corneal and scleral transplants, obtaining and preserving eye tissues from cadaver donors in order to perform corneal and scleral transplants, also aware Making the people towards the high human and therapeutic values of transplantation and encouraging to donate their cornea after death was formed. Eye Bank has always tried to cooperate with the Ministry of Health, Treatment and Medical Education and other legal institutions to meet the needs of patients in need of corneal or scleral transplants across the country. Among the other activities of the eye bank is the setting up and equipping of eye pathology departments (eye pathology and corneal confocal scanning) for the timely diagnosis and management of various eye diseases. Also, the printing and distribution of Bina Ophthalmology magazine, as the only authentic Persian-language ophthalmology magazine in the country, which has a scientific-research rating from the Medical Sciences Publications Commission of the Ministry of Health, is another activity of Eye Bank.
The members of Cheshm Bank are the founding board, the board of trustees, the board of directors and auditors. The board of trustees is made up of real and legal persons, consisting of the representative of the jurist, the head of the forensic medicine organization, the vice president of education and the vice president of treatment of the Ministry of Health, Treatment and Medical Education, and legal persons who have opinions in the field of Cheshm Bank's activities. The members of the board of directors are elected by the board of trustees for a period of two years and are obliged to perform their duties. The CEO is the highest executive officer in Cheshm Bank, who is chosen from among the members of the board of directors and approved by the board of trustees. The CEO is usually a cornea specialist. The managing director and members of the board of directors serve on an honorary basis and do not receive any money, while Cheshm Bank does not have a government budget and provides its expenses from the distribution point of connective tissues. The establishment of Eye Bank is considered one of the important achievements after the Islamic Revolution, which has stopped the sending of patients abroad, which had numerous cultural consequences in addition to financial costs.
Number of successful corneal transplants
Number of members
Number of centers covered
Number of published books
Corneal processing and donation
Diagnostic and specialized activities
The Central Eye Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran, along with all its other activities and services, has not given up on any effort to transfer the knowledge and experiences of ophthalmology professors to the scientific community of the country, especially ophthalmologists, ophthalmology assistants, medical students and optometrists. Many valuable books in the field of ophthalmology (the list of which will follow) have been written by the efforts of professors in this field and published with the efforts of the Central Eye Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran. It is possible to send the mentioned books all over the country. If you want to buy, you can do it online or by phone, so that after registering the purchase order, it will be sent to you as soon as possible.